Electronics October 31, 2021

A SYSTEM FOR DETECTING EARTH FAULT AND SHORT CIRCUIT FAULT IN 3-PHASE ELECTRIC CABLES

by kazawadi

INTRODUCTION

At Mufindi Paper Mills, when electrical energy generates in the generators’ stations, it is distributed to
the different loads in different places in the company.

In these electrical cables faults may occur such as earth fault or short-circuit fault and cause problems in a company. Therefore I design a system to detect earth fault and short circuit fault occur in a 3-Phase electrical cables so as it will help easy in determining cable faults and fix the problem.

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Due to the problem facing electrician at Mufindi Paper Mills, during troubleshooting of 3-Phase electrical cables, they are getting hard time to determine the faults such earth fault or short circuit fault, and find where it has
occurs. Also a lot of time and energy is used at the time of finding the faults because they are using local
method(they are using instrument tester) to determine the faults in a cable. Due to that problem, the activities of that area stops and it may lead to the low production or no production.

PROJECT OBJECTIVES

MAIN OBJECTIVE

The main objective of this project is to detect the earth fault and short circuit faults occur in 3-Phase
electrical cables by using the fast and accurate system.

SIGNIFICANCES

It will saves time when finding the faults.

It will have the ability to detect the faults very fast and
accurately

It will provide the accuracy information.

CONCLUSION

Generally, the project is neither hard or simple but it requires a great knowledge hence it based on different fields such as electronics and computer fields.

The project has not yet completed due to inadequate amount of funds to afford the equipment’s.

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